Example of Lesson Plan for Secondary Schools in Nigeria
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A teacher implements different guides to make for easy delivery during a lesson. With the different teaching methods a teacher can use in teaching a lesson, depending on the subject matter, varieties of teaching aids can equally be used to teach a lesson.
A lesson plan contains the teaching aids a teacher chooses to use in the teaching-learning process without prior planning for a lesson period.
What is a Lesson Plan?
As the name implies, a lesson plan is a detailed guide a teacher prepares to make teaching easy. A lesson plan guides the flow of a teacher’s instruction. It helps a teacher to ensure that all standards are met and covered.
A teacher’s lesson plan is a document that indicates everything a teacher needs to do during a lesson. Without a lesson plan, a teacher can easily teach out of context and not even cover all that was initially intended. A teacher’s role in lesson delivery is to impact his learners as much knowledge as possible.
The most reliable way to deliver a lesson is to prepare on time and have an accessible lesson plan. Lesson plans can be easily adjusted and updated, so they are mostly handwritten and prepared for every topic in a subject.
Types of Lesson Plans
Some schools require that subject teachers submit lesson plans daily, while others demand that lesson plans be submitted weekly. Whatever the case, a teacher needs a lesson plan to teach a class effectively. Here is a list of different types of lesson plans structured by teachers.
Unit Plan: A unit plan is that type of lesson plan is for teachers who do not perform better with bulky plans. The unit plan is a simple guide for instruction (teaching). It simply contains lesson objectives, a list of activities and evaluation. This lesson plan is flexible.
Five step lesson Plan: This lesson plan includes a set of instructions set by a teacher, objectives, the content of the lesson, a modelling step or practice where a teacher is expected to show or demonstrate to the students an activity, a guided practice, an assessment or evaluation step.
Weekly Lesson Plan: This is a plan for teachers who are to cover a similar or a broad topic for an entire learning or lesson week. In this type of lesson plan, a teacher ensures to state the lesson objectives, questions for evaluation and assessments.
Inquiry or skill lesson based lesson plan: This lesson plan is structured basically if the students are expected to acquire a particular skill at the end of a lesson. This lesson plan is based on making enquiries on students’ ability. The objectives and evaluation in this type of lesson plan evaluation are not done or shown on worksheets but on practices.
It also triggers discussions among students, discussing concepts and ideas. It is also done to build and to strengthen students’ mental capacity.
Example of Lesson Plan for Secondary Schools
In the education sector in Nigeria, just as there are different approaches to things, there are different patterns to follow, especially considering the age grade of the pupils, there is a pattern teachers are expected to follow in the preparation of a lesson plan.
The lesson plan used in a primary and nursery school is quite different from the format of the one used in a secondary school. Though a lesson plan is not fixed, because a teacher’s method of teaching can change, there are specific steps a teacher can follow in order to aim at achieving the expected goals and getting certain results from the learners.
Below is a structured lesson plan for a secondary school in Nigeria for a topic in Physics, Motion.
Objectives: During and after the lesson, the students should be able to (i) Distinguish between speed, velocity, and acceleration. (ii) Calculate the resultant velocity. (iii)Deduce the distance covered on the velocity time graph. (iv) Deduce the equations of motion from velocity time graph.
Content: a) Speed b) Velocity c) Acceleration d) Velocity time graph e) Variable f) Equation of Uniformly acceleration motion.
Evaluation: At the end of the lesson, the students should be able to: i) Distinguish between speed, velocity and acceleration. ii) Solve simple problems that involve equation of motion. iii) Derive the three equations of motion.