Forms of Government as practised in different parts of the world
Table of Contents
There are more than a hundred countries in the world and each country has its own form of government though some forms of governments are heavily criticized, little can be done to change it as it is what they have been practising for a very long period of time.
Government according to Wikipedia is a system or group of people governing an organized community and there are over 10 forms of government though some have gone extinct while the others are still in use by most countries in the world.
Below is a list of different forms of government:
Democracy is the most popular form of government in the world with over 167 countries practising it. Democracy can be defined as the government of the people, by the people, and for the people furthermore, democracy is also divided into different categories or groups namely full democracy, flawed democracy, hybrid democracy, and Authoritarian regimes.
Communism was developed by a philosopher called Karl Max and according to Wikipedia, it is a form of government in which all property is owned by the community and each person contributes and receives according to their needs. Communism is still practised in Russia where the current president has been in power for over 10 years. The aim of Communism is to eliminate a classless society where there would be no distinction between the rich and poor.
Socialism is a system of government where the means of production is owned by the public and this simply means that the natural resources are owned by the public and not the government alone this form of government supports cooperation and not competition which is common among some other systems of government. Iceland and Finland are among the countries that practice socialism.
Oligarchy is a system of government where power rests on a group of people who are distinguished from the other set of people either by wealth, education, or religion. Oligarchy is practised in England and power is passed from one generation to another and the family is in charge of setting the rules that run the country.
Monarchy is a form of government that appoints a head of state or ruler for life or until abdication. Monarchy is practised in several states in Nigeria mostly the western state where we have leaders like the Ooni of Ife, Oba of Lagos, and others. Also in this form of government, power is passed down to the heir which is mostly the first male child or the next in command to the king.
This is a system of government where a country extends its rules to another country and this form of government was common in the past when they were a lot of slave traders. Colonialism dies with the slave trade and the world war since these were the two major causes of this form of government. In Nigeria, Colonialism was the form of government until 1960 when Nigeria gained independence and began practising Democracy which is still in use today.
In this form of government, the ruling party has a leader who is in charge of running the country and there are no rules or laws that limit the power of the leader as he is the one who determines the rules.
This form of government is practised in countries like North Korea where they are ruled by a supreme leader called Kim Jong Un furthermore, in this form of government, there is no respect for the human right and so one is likely to hear of various cases of human right infringement in such countries.
A military dictatorship is a form of government similar to Totalitarianism but the difference is that this form of government is done by the Military and one of the peculiarities associated with this form of government is coup also an infringement of human right of citizens, groups amongst others is also a common characteristic of Military Dictatorship.
Finally, in a Military dictatorship, opposition to the government is not allowed and anyone found in such an act can be killed as was the case of Idi Amin a military dictator who ruled Uganda with an iron fist.
From the following listed above, one can see that some countries run more than one form of governance and we would use Nigeria as a case study.
Nigeria is known as a democratic country but in some states, there are also traces of monarchy especially in the Western part of the state and some common monarchs in Nigeria are Oba of Lagos, Sultan of Sokoto, Obong of Calabar amongst others. It is also important to note that there is no best system of governance as what might work in one country might fail woefully in others hence the reason for the variants In forms of governance.