Declarative Sentence -Meaning, examples and 2 types of Declarative Sentence

Declarative Sentence -Meaning, examples and 2 types of Declarative Sentence

Introduction

We make sentences every day and they serve as a means of communication. English sentences are arranged in a proper way. Structurally, the English sentence is classified into simple, compound, complex and compound-complex.

Functionally, the English sentence is classified into declarative (statement), interrogative (questioning), exclamatory (exclamations) and imperative (command) sentence. All the sentences we make fall into one of these classifications.
Definition of Declarative Sentence

A sentence is a group of words that expresses or conveys a complete and accurate thought or idea. Declarative means to make known. A declarative sentence is a sentence that makes a statement, provides a fact, offers an explanation, or conveys information.

It is the commonest type of sentence in the English Language. It begins with a capital letter and ends with a full stop. It is usually written in the present tense and past tense. It expresses a direct statement.

Examples:
1.Her mother is sick.
2. God loves a cheerful giver.
3. Blessing is a good girl.

Note: The subject comes before the verb.

Types of Declarative Sentence

There are basically two types of declarative sentences. They include simple declarative sentence and compound declarative sentence.

Simple declarative sentence

A simple declarative sentence consists of a subject and a predicate It describes only one event, situation or idea.. A subject is a person or thing that performs the action of the verb. The predicate is the part of the sentence that tells us what the subject does.

Examples:
1. My friend is a good writer.
2. She sings alto.
3. I like climbing the mango tree.
4. Fran is looking sad today.
5. My cat is black.
6. Dogs are cute pet.
7. My brother is eight years old.
8. The sky is blue.
9. He loves pizza.
10.The car is white.
11. Ice is cold.
12. London is the capital of England.
13. John likes Mary.
14. She wears red nail polish.
15.The room smells clean.
16. I love my children.
17. The chairs that go with our desks should arrive next Wednesday.
18. There are seven continents on Earth.
19. Dolphins communicate with each other through echolocation.
20. George Washington was the first president of the United States.
21. The girl is annoyed.
22. The water is hot.
23. I do not have any friend.
24. I have some friends.
25. The students went to the theatre.
26. She bought a lot of good.
27. Nike went to the market.
28. Blessing brushes her teeth every day.
29. The cat is sleeping on the couch.
30. The earth is spherical in shape.
31. I can speak English fluently.
32. He loves hanging out with strangers.
33.This is a frustrating book to no end.
34. She doesn’t study German on Saturday.
36. The firmaments are in the sky.
37. Christmas is celebrated on the 25th of every December.
38. Our English teacher is a very beautiful woman.
39. HIV and AIDS is not an infectious disease.
40. Coronavirus is both a contagious and infectious disease.
41. Blessing is a girl.

Compound Declarative Sentence

Compound Declarative Sentence is the joining of two simple declarative sentences with conjunctions, colon or commas. Conjunctions like but, yet or and are used.

Examples are:
1. He wanted to play football but she wanted to play basketball.
2. Marie loves the beach yet she hates sand.
3. She plays the piano and he sings along.
4. She had to make the next flight; she quickly packed her bag.
5. The house has new windows, however, the roof still leaks.
6. It had rained for days: the town was flooded.
7. She loves the mountains: he hates the long drive.
8. My brother loves to run but my sister prefers to walk.
9. Civic education is my best subject but my brother loves Home Economics.
10. I really like meat pie but I do not like meat pie that has onions on it.
11.They woke up early yet they arrived late.
12. Mercy sings very well and her brother plays the guitar.
13. John sang, Mary danced, Lydia was not surprised.
14. I looked at my wristwatch: it was 10 o’clock.
15. He wanted to play football, but she wanted to play basketball.
16. He plays the trumpet, and she plays the guitar.
17. He wanted to visit her grandmother, but she wanted to visit her aunt.
18. Emmanuel wants to do well in his studies, yet he doesn’t work hard.
19. Demonstrations lasted for two days; the town was under siege.
20. My mum loves to dance, but my father prefers to listen to music.

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