Maintaining Proper Hygiene
Hygiene is a condition and practice which promotes and preserves health. Proper Hygiene implies practising the right and healthy behaviour to ensure the cleanliness of the body.
It is important to maintain a state of proper hygiene as this ensures a state of good health, rids the body of germs and other harmful microorganisms.
There are several routine practices necessary for the maintenance of proper hygiene. These practices range from caring for the teeth, hands, feet, nails, hair, ears, and skin.
Proper Hygienic Practices
Caring for the teeth: The teeth are used for grinding food substances in the mouth, it is also necessary for articulation of speech. After consumption of a meal, the teeth must be properly rinsed to remove food particles that might have been stuck to the teeth.
Brushing the teeth before and after bed also helps cleanse them of micro-organisms or food particles which could lead to decay. It is also important to brush the teeth after eating sweet or sugary foods like chocolate. Proper care of the teeth also helps prevent bad odour in the mouth.
It is very important to keep the teeth clean and maintain fresh breath, bad mouth odour is a trigger for stigmatization.
Hands: this part of the body is always in contact with surfaces. Most surfaces are unclean and contain micro-organisms that contaminate the palms and fingernails. Ensure to wash your hands regularly to get rid of these micro-organisms.
It is also important to wash your hands before and after a meal. Unkempt nails create a place for microorganisms to hide; the nails should be kept short and clean always.
Hair: dirty and unkempt hair is a niche for micro-organisms. The hair should be washed regularly with shampoo and water, it should be trimmed to short lengths for males, be plaited or combed and styled for females.
Ears: it is necessary for the ears to be cleaned regularly as this is a special organ in the body that aids hearing. Wax in the ear is essential for trapping dirt and harmful micro-organisms thereby preventing them from entering the body.
The ear should be cleaned with an ear cotton bud but excessive cleaning of the ear could remove this wax paving way for dirt and micro-organisms to pass through the ear. Avoid prodding the ear with sharp objects as this could damage the eardrum.
Skin: this is the outer surface of the human body and it serves as protection against germs, cuts and harsh weather conditions from affecting the lower layers of the skin. General cleanliness of the skin is essential for the body.
Hygienic practices that ensure proper care of the skin are; bathing regularly- at least twice a day, wearing clean clothes, ensuring to take a bath after a vigorous exercise so as not to accumulate dried sweat contributing to body odour, wearing the appropriate clothes for the weather amongst others.
Other Hygienic practices essential for the cleanliness of the body are; ensure to shave off pubic hairs from private parts of the body like the armpits and pelvic region, avoid picking your nose with your fingers.
Wash the foot regularly and always be on footwears while walking, avoid using your fingers to scratch your eyes, use a handkerchief to clean your nose or eyes. Cuts and scrapes on the skin should be disinfected immediately and bandaged to avoid contamination by germs.
These are necessary Hygienic practices that must be maintained by a person. Failure to observe these practices could lead to
Bad health of the body.
Infection by germs and micro-organisms causing disease.
Malfunctioning of the body systems.
Offensive odour emanating from the body.
If proper hygiene is maintained, a person experiences good health and effective functioning of the body systems.
The human body needs to be kept in a healthy and balanced state and this can only be achieved by paying total attention to the different parts of the body, living in a tidy and neat environment as the environment is also a factor in ensuring proper hygiene.
It is good to also be very observant of the body and being mindful of your surroundings. A surrounding that is clean is one free of germs and disease leaving no room for a culture of bacteria and harmful micro-organisms.
The human body is very susceptible to infections; proper hygiene could prevent infections and disease and overall ensure good health. We all know that ‘health is wealth’.