What is Colour?
Colour can be seen as a sensation of the eyes. It is the property of an object to stimulate the eyes by visible light and it has three main characteristics: hue, saturation and brightness.
Hue: is the property or quality of colour to reflect light differently or similarly to each other. It specifically differentiates or shows the similarity of colour. The property of “hue” shows if visible light is red, yellow, purple or green and show how they are different or similar to each other.
Saturation: this property of colour is used to describe the degree of light or intensity of emitted light that the eyes can sense. Saturation is the intensity of the hue. An emitted light is in a particular spectrum while the range of spectrum for which such light tends to greyness is described by saturation. Saturation depends on the surrounding of the object, the absorption property of the object and what light the colour is seen. A pure colour is fully saturated.
Brightness: this is the degree of colour in relation to darkness or lightness. It is the property of light that describes the degree of a colour close to black or white.
Other properties and characteristics of colour include; shade, tint, and intensity.
Intensity: this is close to saturation. Saturation describes a colour tending to a degree of grayness but intensity describes a colour in respect to the strength of hue. If it is weak or dull.
Tint: this is the property of a colour that determines how bright a colour is after mixing it with white. A colour mixed with white is referred to as tinted
Shade: this is the opposite of tint. It describes the property of colour after mixing it with black.
Colours add beauty to life. They contribute to the appearance and attractiveness of how a thing may look. There are three (3) types of colour, primary, secondary, and tertiary colours.
Primary colours: there are three primary colours. Red, blue and green. They are called primary colours because a mixture of all three colours in equal proportion will produce white. These colours when mixed would produce other colours. But rarely can they be produced from mixing other colours.
Secondary Colours: these colours are gotten from mixing two primary colours. They are orange, purple and green.
Tertiary colours: These Colours are gotten from a combination of primary and secondary colours. It could be two primary colours and one secondary colour or two secondary colours and one primary colour. Tertiary colours include pink, brown, blue-green (cyan), yellow-orange, red-orange, red-violet, blue-violet, and yellow-green.
Colours and their significance
Red: this colour is sharp, intense, daring and bright. It is used to give a warning alert and signify danger. It is also used to portrait erotic romance.
Green: This colour is attached to fertility and abundance. It is one of the most abundant colours in nature.
Pink: this is attached to femininity and romance.
Purple: This colour is attached to royalty, luxury, spirituality and mystery. This colour is also found in nature. It is the colour of some flowers and stones.
Orange: this colour is used to portray youthful energy and creativity. It is a calm and attractive colour. This Colour is also seen in nature in fruits and flowers precisely.
Blue: is a calm colour. It is abundantly found in nature (the sky, flowers and creatures). Blue is used to signify perfection, trust and intelligence.
Yellow: This colour is an attractive colour used to signify happiness, hope, friendliness, and positivity. It is also found abundantly in nature.
Brown: this signifies honesty, support and wholeness. It is relatively the colour of the ground.
Black: this is a strong and bold colour that could be used to portrait sadness or power. Black in science is the presence of all colours.
White: this colour signifies simplicity and transparency. White in science is the absence of all colours.