Monkey Pox: How deadly, Origin and 10 possible preventions.
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Monkey Pox: How deadly and 10 possible prevention; Monkeypox is a known disease that affects both humans and animals, it is infectious and takes two weeks to manifest. it comes in form of rashes that later forms blisters on the victim’s body.
It comes with various symptoms among which are; headache, pains, swollen lymph nodes, and feeling tired easily. It takes about 2 to 3 weeks before symptoms become fully developed.
Monkeypox as the name indicates was first recorded in 1970 when some monkeys kept for research started developing the pox-like disease, hence the name Monkeypox. the first human case was seen and recorded in the Democratic Republic of the Congo just as the intense fight to eliminate the disease began.
After the occurrence, such cases in Human has been recorded in one country to other another including; Cameroon, Liberia Nigeria, while the majority of the record comes from Congo.
Many cases have not been recorded outside Africa but then, a case has been linked to international travel or imported animals, in the United States, Singapore, Israel, and even the United Kingdom.
We can’t tell if there is any natural reservoir of monkeypox but it can be traced to some African rodents and non-human primates e.g monkeys.
The natural reservoir of monkeypox remains unknown. However, African rodents and non-human primates (like monkeys) may harbour the virus and infect people, that’s why we are advised to be careful while dealing with these animals and also protect ourselves as much as possible to prevent possible infection.
The Federal Government of Nigeria has made a clarion call to all Veterinary epidemiology officers, veterinarians and field surveillance agents to be on the outlook for any case of Monkeypox in both animals and humans.
The Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, Dr Mohammad Abubakar, gave the charge in a statement on Tuesday, in Abuja. Having recorded a recent death in connection to monkeypox, and following the infection of 21 persons as confirmed by the Nigeria Center for Disease Control (NCDC).
” The Federal Ministry of Agriculture & Rural Development (FMARD), through the Department of Veterinary & Pest Control Services is actively collaborating with the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) and other stakeholders in the One Health Team to ensure the situation is contained and brought under control,” he said
- Report any similar case of monkeypox to Health practitioners.
- Consumption of rodents should be discouraged and in case it happens, should be reported immediately.
- Animals such as monkeys and other rodents should be properly examined for possible cases of infection.
- A regular wash of hands with clean water, disinfectant and soap.
- Discernment between edible meat and other bushmeat.
- Discourage the keeping of rodents as pets in the home and keep them away from children.
- Zookeepers, parks, recreational centres, and others should make sure there is strict compliance with rules guiding the contact of the zoo, especially with contact with these animals.
- Transportation of wild animals and their products within and across the borders should be suspended/restricted.
- All health workers should be vigilant to pick any possible indication of the virus.
- Avoid possible contact with people that shows the symptoms including relatives both at home and workplace.
A warning has been issued to Hunters and bush meat dealers on the type of meat they bring home for sale and consumption.