The term “gaslighting” originates from the title of a play in 1938 and its subsequent film adaptation in 1944 called “Gaslight.” The storyline revolves around a husband who cunningly manipulates his wife into believing she suffers from a mental illness.

Gaslighting is a serious and harmful behaviour that can harm a person’s mental well-being. Understanding the nature of gaslighting and its origins can raise awareness and foster a supportive environment for those experiencing such manipulation.

Examples of Gaslighting

here are examples of gaslighting

1. Countering

This refers to the act of casting doubt on an individual’s memory. It involves statements like, “Are you certain about that? Your memory isn’t reliable,” or “I believe you’re forgetting the true events.” This manipulation aims to undermine the person’s confidence in their recollection of past events.

2. Withholding

This entails a person feigning ignorance or deliberately disregarding a conversation to create doubt within another individual. They may use phrases like, “You’re just confusing me” or “I have no idea what you’re talking about.” By employing this tactic, the manipulator makes the person question their clarity and credibility in the discussion.

3. Trivializing

This occurs when an individual diminishes or dismisses someone else’s emotions. They may label the person as “overly sensitive” or accuse them of overreacting, even when their concerns are valid and reasonable. This manipulation aims to undermine the person’s emotions and invalidate their genuine feelings.

4. Denial

Denial occurs when an individual deliberately avoids accepting responsibility for their actions. They may employ tactics such as feigning forgetfulness, outright denying their involvement, or shifting the blame onto someone else. By engaging in denial, the person attempts to evade accountability and escape the consequences of their behaviour.

5. Diverting

With this strategy, an individual redirects the focus of a conversation by casting doubt on the other person’s credibility. They might assert statements like, “That’s just nonsensical information you found online. It’s not reliable or true.” By employing this technique, the manipulator aims to undermine the other person’s arguments or sources, diverting attention from the original topic and casting doubt on their credibility.

6. Stereotyping

This occurs when an individual deliberately exploits negative stereotypes about someone’s gender, race, ethnicity, sexuality, nationality, or age to manipulate and gaslight them. For instance, they may make derogatory statements, such as suggesting that no one would believe a woman if she were to report abuse.

Using these stereotypes, the gaslighter aims to undermine the person’s confidence, question their experiences, and further disempower them.

Signs of Gaslighting

If you’re unfamiliar with the signs of gaslighting, the following indicators may help you recognize if you’re experiencing it.

  1. Experiencing uncertainty in their perceptions
  2. Frequently doubting the accuracy of their memories
  3. Believing they are irrational or questioning their sanity
  4. Feeling incompetent, lacking confidence, or worthless
  5. Apologizing frequently to the abusive person
  6. Defending the abusive person’s actions to others

7. Becoming withdrawn or socially isolated from others

If gaslighting is part of a larger pattern of abuse, it can potentially contribute to feelings of anxiety and depression.

Causes of Gaslighting

these few can be the cause of gaslighting

  1. a persistent desire for admiration and attention
  2. a belief in one’s superiority or uniqueness
  3. a lack of empathy towards others

Gaslighting can extend beyond individual interactions and manifest as a tactic of systemic oppression. Those in positions of power may employ gaslighting to undermine the credibility of individuals or marginalized groups, effectively disempowering them.

How to respond to gaslighting

with these possible ways, you can respond well to gaslighting

1. Gathering evidence

Compiling evidence of past events can assist individuals in substantiating their experiences and countering doubts about their recollection or perception. Such evidence can serve as a tangible reminder, helping to affirm that they are not imagining or forgetting things.

2. Keeping a secret diary

By maintaining a diary or journal, individuals can promptly document the date, time, and specifics of their experiences, ensuring accuracy and preserving the events for future reference. This record can be a valuable resource to refer back to, offering a reliable account of what transpired.

3. Talking to someone trustworthy

Seeking support from a trusted friend, family member, or counsellor can provide valuable insight and perspective. By confiding in someone, individuals have a listening ear and the potential for a witness who can validate their experiences. This external perspective can be instrumental in helping individuals gain clarity and understanding regarding the events they are facing.

4. Taking pictures

Photographs can be useful for individuals to verify and validate their memories. By referring to photographs, individuals can cross-reference their recollections with visual evidence, helping them determine the accuracy and reliability of their memories.

5. Keeping voice memos

A device that can capture audio recordings can be a convenient method for individuals to document and articulate events in their own words. This allows them to provide a detailed and accurate account of their experiences, preserving the information in real time.

By using such a device, individuals can ensure that their recollections remain intact and can be referred to later as a reliable source of information.


Gaslighting can significantly impact the mental well-being of the targeted individual, often leading to depression. Understanding the responsibility involved in addressing and managing gaslighting effectively is crucial.