Pre-eclampsia: Causative Factors, Symptoms, Diagnosis And 2 Major Treatment
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Preeclampsia is a health-related issue that concerns mainly women of reproductive age, and that is the reason this article is very important for all women to go through it so that they will get the information and save themselves from being prone to this serious health issue that could be detrimental to their health.
Now, pre-eclampsia is a health issue that makes blood pressure rise during pregnancy. It can affect blood clotting and is a complication in pregnancy during the third trimester. At this stage, if not treated properly, it can lead to eclampsia, which is more complicated and deadly than preeclampsia.
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SYMPTOMS OF PRE-ECLAMPSIA
Preeclampsia may not show signs at the early stage of pregnancy, and that is why it is advised that as soon as a woman notices she is pregnant, she should go to the health facility and register for the antenatal clinic (ANC) so that she will be monitored from the first stage to the third stage of the pregnancy. Now, signs and symptoms are
- Elevated blood pressure (BP0
- Protein urea (content of protein in urine)
- Severe headache
- Always feeling ill
- Pains below the right ribs
- Shortness of breath
- Excess weight gain because of too much fluid in the body
- And damaged liver function. etc
Causative Factors Of Pre-eclampsia:
There are so many factors that can lead to preeclampsia in pregnancy, but we are going to list a few in this write-up that are most common.
- Blood vessel damage
- , genetic factors
- , inadequate blood flow to the uterus
- Problem with the immune system
Diagnosis Of Pre-eclampsia:
The doctor can diagnose this health complication in pregnancy after a series of tests and some physical observations. That could be done by checking the patient’s urine to determine if there is a trace of protein in the urine and also check the blood pressure.
- Hypertension: This is the term used for blood pressure, and when the blood pressure is 140/90mmhg or more, it is considered high in pregnancy.
- Blood Test: The health caregiver can check the patient blood cloth level to know if the liver and kidney still function well
- Non-Stres Test ( NST): This will also be checked to determine the baby’s condition and if the baby still breathes normally.
- Fetal Ultrasound: This will also resolve the baby’s condition in the womb.
Treatment Of Pre-eclampsia:
Preeclampsia can not be treated until the baby is delivered; it can only be monitored by experts until the baby is delivered. Meanwhile, it can be managed in the following ways listed below:
- Rest: When a woman is pregnant, and she is diagnosed with preeclampsia, the woman must be strictly on bed rest for the safety of the baby and the mother. So, in a situation like that, the patient is put on bed rest in the hospital, where her urine and blood will be checked regularly, and the baby will be monitored as well for any abnormalities.
- Induce Labour: In a situation where the preeclampsia has become severe, the healthcare provider will have to induce labour or deliver the baby through the caesarian section (CS) to save the mother and the child. In severe cases, magnesium sulphate may be administered to prevent seizure during delivery.
The Most At Risk Of Pre-eclampsia:
This health complication is most common among the following people
- Those who have a preeclampsia personal history
- People with overweight ( Obesity)
- Too many pregnancies
- First pregnancy
- Family history of preeclampsia
- personal history of preeclampsia
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When we talk about preeclampsia, it is not preventable, but to reduce the risk of being diagnosed with this health complication, there are some things pregnant women should do to minimize the factors responsible for this health issue, and these include
- To avoid fries and highly processed foods
- should not add uncooked salt to meals
- elevate the feet daily
- Have rest
- Regular exercise
- No intake of alcohol or caffeine
- Take enough water, 6-8 glasses of water daily.
Pre-eclampsia is a complication that is associated with pregnancy, and pregnant women must visit and speak with their healthcare provider as often as possible so that they will be monitored closely from their first trimester to the third trimester of pregnancy.