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Reproductive Health and 8 Components explained

reproductive health
reproductive health

Reproductive Health and 8 Components you need to know


The state or condition of one’s health determines a lot. A person’s state of health can define or determine how productive he or she can be. According to the World Health Organization, the term “health” is defined as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.

With this definition, it simply means that a handicapped person or one who is visually impaired can be called an unhealthy person. Reproductive health education is vital in the promotion of safe sexual behaviour among people. There are different parts of the human body.

These different parts of the body play different roles as they are designed to do. A list of the different parts of the body according to their functions include The face which includes the mouth, nose, eyes, nose, nostrils, the arm and the hands, the leg and foot, the internal parts of the body which consists of the heart, lungs, veins, brain, throat, liver, stomach, kidney, skeleton, bones, ribs, etc.

These are only a number of parts of the human body. In all, they have different functions. A person is said to be healthy or to be in good health if all these parts of the body are in good shape. Though the parts of the body involved in reproduction are active and can be easily ignored are however fragile, especially in the female body.

What is reproductive health?

The reproductive health of an individual has to do with a person’s ability to reproduce and have the reproductive organs of the body in good shape. It is a set of outlined methods and services used to enable or foster sexual health. The reproductive health of a person says largely that a person has the ability to maintain a healthy sexual life, and a healthy reproductive system, being able to decide when and how often he or she will reproduce.

Reproductive health also has to do with the freedom to engage in reproduction as a human. The knowledge of reproductive health has the implication that an individual ought to be aware of all that there is to maintaining a safe and healthy reproductive life.

This also includes being aware of safe sex, family planning and all the dangers there is to even a woman’s health if people are completely unaware of maintaining a reproductive health lifestyle. Reproductive health also includes a sufficient knowledge or awareness of assessable and affordable health care facilities in one’s local community or environment, affordable and acceptable methods of using birth controls and varieties of reproductive medicine.

In reproductive health, sex is seen as more than just a way of reproducing. The human reproductive health on a surface does not look complex but on a closer range, there a lot of things to take into consideration. One has to be aware of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs), especially since a woman’s body system is even more complex and delicate.

List of Components of Reproductive Health

As earlier stated, the reproductive health goes beyond the act of reproduction. It is a lifestyle among people. Though the male and female take part in sexual acts to enable reproduction, the female components outweigh that of the male. However, the male components are not understated. Below is a list of eight components of human reproductive health.

Maternal Health Component

  1. Contraception
  2. Abortion
  3. Sexually transmitted infections/diseases
  4. Female Genital mutilation
  5. Men Health componentAdolescent reproductive health and Child/forced early marriage
  6. Reproductive health

These are eight of the most important and basic components that surround human reproductive health.

Maternal Health:

The maternal health in reproductive health is primary as this involves all that concerns a woman’s health care. The maternal health component includes gynaecological care, ranging from treatment of sexual disorders, genital and breast cancers, menopause, etc.

The maternal health care does not stop at the proper care of a woman’s health or body, it also includes; pre-conception consultations, surveillance during pregnancy, supervision during pregnancy and ensuring safe delivery during labour.


This largely has to do with family planning. According to reports lately, there is an increase in the use of contraceptives by men, especially condoms. It is important that couples or partners engaging in sexual acts get sexual education in order to first stay safe and away from sexually transmitted infections and disease and also to prevent unwanted and unplanned mortality.

People should be able to determine the number of children they can cater for. However, a well-implemented family planning program especially in rural areas can greatly reduce the rate of abortions in societies.


In societies where abortion is legalized, it stands as a health problem, especially when complications are not easily or quickly identified. Easily assessable counselling sessions or programs can be made available in different societies, consequences and risk factors should be amplified in order to prevent health problems in women.

Sexually transmitted infections/diseases:

More than 80% of infertility cases are caused by the presence of STDs. In most cases, adolescents and young adults in their early twenties are infected. According to reports, if programs are set in place and the dangers or consequences of having unprotected sex are outlined and made available to all, the level or rate of these complications will be reduced to a minimal.

Female Genital Mutilation:

According to reports, there is a 2 million incident of female genital mutilation annually. This is an act that involves a said circumcision of the female genitals and results in bleeding, infections (most times unknown to the carrier), scars, psychological trauma, etc. This act is said to be carried out in places like East and West Africa. Though initiated to prevent the practice of masturbation among women, it has caused also the violation of the human rights of a woman.

Men Health component:

Though crucial, the men health component is easily ignored. It consists of the control of genital cancers, the management of men’s sexual dysfunctions and pathologies, the responsible sexual life of a man which directly affects a woman’s sexual life and the management of andropause.

Adolescent reproductive health and Child/forced early marriage:

The act of forcing and engaging young girls into early marriage endangers the reproductive health of a said girl who in most cases is not even up to the age of 18. This practice which is most common in parts of Africa causes several infectious diseases in a young girl who is made to have sexual intercourse with an older man who cares less or knows nothing about engaging in safe sex or these of contraceptives. If this practice can be curbed, the reproductive health of many women will be safer.

Reproductive Health:

The World Health Organization reports that 20% of global ill health is caused by poor reproductive health practice. Since reproductive and sexual health is an important part of human rights and lifestyle, the unavailability of sexual health care and reproductive needs can cause poor decision making in women, especially in matters concerning their bodies. When reproductive health is paid less attention to, it can result in ill health and poor family planning, which in turn contributes to the high rate of poverty in a society.


The reproductive health, in general, is important, since it revolves around procreation and the lifestyle of humans. One needs to acquire all the necessary information in order to always maintain good reproductive health. Creating awareness in societies and making this information known and available to all has the tendency of eradicating poverty and making proper healthcare maintenance to all.



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